- Equestrian Facility
- Horse Health/Welfare
Biosecurity: Measures that prevent the introduction and spread of contagious diseases.
Biosecurity planning helps to ensure that practices routinely carried out on your farm are beneficial to the health of your horse(s). By adopting the guidelines below and working with a veterinarian you can play a significant role in keeping your horses and your industry as healthy as possible.
Control movements of people, animals, equipment and vehicles;
This can be done through the use of controlled access points.
INTRODUCING NEW HORSES
Plan animal introductions, and structure their movement within the premises and their removal from the premises.This includes using management strategies such as:
Practice animal identification and good record keeping. It is important to participate in traceability systems where available.
OBSERVE YOUR HORSES FOR SIGNS OF DISEASE
ESTABLISH RESPONSE PLANS FOR POTENTIAL DISEASE SITUATIONS
OTHER MEASURES FOR BIOSECURITY
Manitoba Agriculture has developed some excellent resources for biosecurity practices related to equines. The Animal Health Emergency Management Project (AHEM) also has good resources for horse owners and farmers.
SOPs help ensure everyone who is using a facility and/or engaged in a horse's care is aware of the biosecurity standards. Below are sample SOPs you may customize to your equine facility and way of practicing effective biosecurity. SOPs can be used to start a documented biosecurity program to be reviewed by your veterinarian, facility users, horse owners, and service providers.
Western/Eastern Equine Encephalomyelitis (Horse Sleeping Sickness) Fact Sheet
From the Manitoba Veterinary Medical Association (http://www.mvma.ca/)
Several provincial departments are involved in the handling and management of livestock manure in Manitoba. Manitoba Conservation responsbilities include administering and enforcing the regulatory requirements related to manure management, while Manitoba Agriculture, Food and Rural Initiatives (MAFRI) is concerned with its economic aspects.
While this information is largely related to livestock rather than equines, some info may be of interest. To learn more, click here
The Langley Environmental Partners Society of BC offers a Horse Manure Composting Program (http://www.manuremaiden.com/).
Is your farm at risk? Use the Equine Guelph Biosecurity Risk Calculator to find out!
CLICK HERE for the Equine Guelph Vaccination EquiPlanner as well as useful vaccine information.
As both the fly season and the show and trail riding season both swing into high gear, it is important to remind horse owners about the importance of annual testing for this disease – which is very contagious and eventually fatal. A culture of testing and quarantine is the only known way to prevent the disease from spreading, as there is no vaccine.
We also encourage you to visit the following CFIA web page on EIA statistics and resources:
Canada's control program for equine infectious anemia (EIA) has made significant progress in reducing the prevalence of the disease in Canada. However, despite the best efforts of the horse industry and governments, EIA continues to be detected in Western Canada, particularly in the northern parts of British Columbia, Alberta and Saskatchewan, as well as in Yukon.
Horse owners and owners of properties where horses co-mingle should take measures to protect their animals - particularly if they are purchasing or receiving animals from the areas mentioned above.
The CFIA, in collaboration with provinces, territories and horse industry, conducts surveillance for EIA through the national EIA Control Program. Under the program, horse owners voluntarily have their animals tested for the disease.
EIA is a reportable disease under the Health of Animals Regulations. This means that all suspected cases must be reported to the CFIA.